Texto em inglês aqui
This goal will be attained through the design and implementation of the Strategic Capacity Building Plan, which depends on the existence of no previous objection on the part of donors. Besides the capacity building activities which will be carried out by the Program, this Plan shall include specific goals and indicators to monitor the achieved results.
Prority areas for capacity building
The Program will support capacity building considered to be strategic, technical and administrative. Technical training should be in accordance with the prority theme lines and be related to the targets set in the PA’s Pluriannual Strategic Plan (PEP). Administrative training aims at the development of the operational abilities of managers in the Program routine, following Funbio’s rules.
Theme lines are the following: management plan, management board, protection, territorial consolidation, integrated management, public policies, fund raising, and conflict resolution. Other themes which are not mentioned here may be identified as being relevant to the Program.
The Capacity Building Strategic Plan must include a diagnosis of the present situation and propose structuring actions to overcome the shortcomings, taking advantage of the identified opportunities for capacity building. Furthermore, a work plan will be proposed, including the activities, responsibilities and schedule for implantation.
A Working Group (GT) will monitor the subcomponent through implementation reports and will assess the application of the acquired knowledge in the efficient management of the PAs.
Available opportunities should be publicized in Arpa’s website, as well as in the ‘Cérebro’ System. Funbio will be in charge of activities operation and will act following the Strategic Capacity Building Plan guidelines.
A rare sighting of a black jaguar swimming across an Amazon river; photo is a screen grab from the video
The head of the World Wildlife Fund was boating downstream on the Tapajós River in Brazil’s Juruena National Park after an epic rainstorm when he came across a sight he’ll never forget: a rare black jaguar swimming across the river.
Carter Roberts, president and chief executive of the WWF-U.S., said it was “one of the most incredible things I’ve ever witnessed.”
Guide Bret Whitney identified the black jaguar and filmed the rare encounter, explained here by Matt Sampson of The Weather Channel: https://thescene.com/watch/weather/shock-video-rare-black-jaguar-swims-amazon-river?source=player_scene_logo
According to the World Wildlife Fund, jaguars are “strong swimmers and climbers, and require large areas of tropical rain forest and stretches of riverbank to survive.”
Only 600 black jaguars are believed to exist in the world today.
Here’s the original video from the World Wildlife Fund: https://youtu.be/zVpiU2pO_1Q
Thanks to the Amazon Region Protected Area, 150 million acres of the Amazon are to be protected in perpetuity. That’s three times the size of all U.S. parks combined. In a little more than a decade, ARPA has reportedly protected a California-size portion of the Amazon across 100 different sites.
With more conservation efforts, hopefully there will be more black jaguar sightings such as this one.
* Originally published by David Strege at Grind TV.com
Cabo Orange (Orange Cape) National Park (CONP) is located near Calçoene and Oiapoque cities in northern Amapá state, 450 km from Macapá, the capital city. The park shares the northern border with French Guiana, the southern border with Cunani Quilombola (Afro-descendant) Area, the eastern border with the Atlantic Ocean and the western border with both Vila Velha Settlement Project and Uaçá and Juminã Indigenous Lands whose populations disputed their territories with Portuguese, French, English and Dutch invaders.
It was the Dutch who named the local geographic feature Orange Cape (as orange is the national colour in the Netherlands) to pay a tribute to the Dutch royalty.
The park was decreed in 1980 (decree n° 84.913) and the Chico Mendes Institute for Biodiversity Conservation (a federal agency run by the Ministry of Environment) is in charge of managing it.
It was the first protected area decreed in Amapá, a state where 55% of its territory is covered by protected areas and indigenous lands. Along with 4 other national parks (Tumucumaque Mountains, Monte Roraima, Pico da Neblina and Serra do Divisor), CNOP is part of the Brazilian Amazon border national parks.
The park covers 657,318 hectares of coastal ecosystems, 54.64% of which has been defined as primitive zone (358,760 hectares), 20.82% as intensive use zone (100,891 hectares) and 20.15% as temporary occupation zone (119,366 hectares). The rest of CNOP covers a zone superimposed on indigenous lands, a conflicting use zone, a special use zone and a historical and cultural zone.
The primitive zone is the most pristine and its flora and fauna has great scientific value. The extensive use zone is mostly formed by natural areas that might have modified by human action. Human populations are settled in the temporary occupation zone.
By integrating human communities living around the park, CONP´s objectives are:
To preserve natural ecosystems that has great ecological and scenic values;
To preserve marine and coastal areas, mangroves, forests, amazon cerrado (savanna) enclaves and associated fauna;
To maintain natural habitats that have been little impacted by human action;
To promote scientific research, environmental education and interpretation, tourism and recreation.
The achievement of these targets has reflected in the excellent conservation status of CONP, allowing the preservation and reproduction of bird, reptile and mammal species, many of which are threatened with extinction. The park preserves species such as: the scarlet ibis (Eudocimus ruber), the American flamingo (Phoenicopterus ruber), the green turtle (Chelonia mydas), the great egret (Ardea alba), the jaguar (Panthera onca), the puma (Puma concolor), the oncilla (Leopardus tigrinus), the neotropical otter (Lontra longicaudis), the giant anteater (Myrmecophaga tridactyla), the smalltooth sawfish (Pristis pectinata), the giant armadillo (Priodontes maximus), the South American manatee (Trichechus inunguis) and the West indian manatee (Trichechus manatus).
The most common types of vegetation found in CONP and influenced by Atlantic Ocean tides are mangroves, flooded forests, flooded grasslands, grassland savannas and red and yellow mangroves. In grassland plains, the awnless barnyard grass (Echinochloa colona), the buriti (Mauritia flexuosa), the caimbé (Curatella americana) and the tamamuri (Brosimum acutifolium) can be found. Other species found are the siriúba (Avicennia schaueriana), the periquiteiro (Trema micrantha), the andiroba (Carapa guianensis), the açaí (Euterpe oleracea), the maçaranduba (Manilkara salzmannii), the black manwood (Minquartia guianensis) and the quaruba (Vochysia maxima).
Brazil is a contracting party to the Convention on Wetlands of international importance especially as waterfowl habitat, called the Ramsar Convention, and has decided to submit as new Ramsar designations only wetlands that were protected areas, which allows to country to implement the commitments under the Convention. CONP was therefore submitted and was declared a Ramsar site in February 2013. 11 other Brazilian wetlands are Ramsar sites.
Social Communication Office (Ascom/MMA) – Telephone: (61) 2028 1227
* Article originally written in portuguese by Marcelo Carota, translated by Marco Bueno and published on 21st January 2015.
Avaliable in portuguese.
Arpa’s donors and partners:
Arpa’s Unit Coordination
The Brazilian Biodiversity Fund (Funbio)
The third phase of the program , with a term of 25 years , will aim to consolidate 60 million hectares of protected areas in the Amazon, at the federal and state levels . Also support the development of studies to the creation of PAs . The ARPA will use the following sources:
- Resources of MMA and its related entities .
- Human and material resources invested by the State Governments for the maintenance and consolidation of PAs under its management; and
- Resources to be allocated by national and international private donations .
For both , as MMA Ordinance 187 of May 22, 2014 , the MMA, the ARPA Partners and other members of the Program Management Committee shall establish financial mechanisms and plan gradual allocation of resources to meet the needs of implementation of UCs .
The Brazil’s Ministry of Environment (MMA) carries out on May 21, the signing ceremony of the Memorandum of Understanding (MOU) of Arpa, which formalizes the construction of a new financing strategy for the protected areas (PAs) supported by Amazon Protected Areas Program (Arpa). The document represents the beginning of a new phase of the program and ensures the allocation of financial resources of approximately 215 million dollars to be deposited into a transition fund that will ensure, over the next 25 years, the permanent maintenance of 60 million hectares of PAs supported by Arpa. The MOU will be signed at 10:30 a.m, at Naoum Plaza, in Brasília.
This is a result of the Initiative “Arpa for life – Commitment to the Amazon”, launched in 2012 during Rio+20. The project represents an innovative effort to ensure the sustainability of PAs Program, which covers 15% of the Brazilian Amazon. Through the creation, expansion, and strengthening of PAs, Arpa combines the conservation and promotion of regional socioeconomic development.
The document will be signed by the Brazilian Environment Minister, Izabella Teixeira, and representatives of the Chico Mendes Institute for Biodiversity Conservation (ICMBio), the Ministry for the German Cooperation and Development (BMZ), the Inter- American Development Bank (IDB), the Brazilian Biodiversity Fund (Funbio), the Gordon and Betty Moore Foundation, WWF- Brazil, WWF U.S. and the Global Environment Facility (GEF).
Arpa is a federal program, coordinated by the Ministry of Environment (MMA), and considered the single largest tropical forest conservation program in history. The Program was created in 2002 through an innovative arrange among Federal Government, Amazonian State Agencies, Private institutions and civil society of 60 million hectares or 15% of the Brazilian Amazon territory – an area equivalent to the size of Spain – through the creation, expansion and strengthening of protected areas (PAs) management.
Also it was created aiming the expansion and strengthen of the National System of Conservation Units (Snuc) in the Amazon and to provide financial resources for the management of their PAs and promote sustainable development in the Amazon.
Currently, the program supports 95 PAs, corresponding to 128 milion acres/52 million hectares. Protected areas supported by the program are benefited with goods, works and contracting services needed for the realization of integration with the surrounding communities, the formation of the management counsel, management plans, and other actions necessary for its proper operation.
Press office of Environment Minister
Telephone: (61) 2028-1221
* Published on June 04 (2014)