Arpa’s 1st Phase received US$ 115 million and lasted for seven years (2003-2010). During that period, the Program made great progress and exceeded some of its targets, as can be seen below:
Arpa’s 1st Phase was originally planned to be implemented from April 2003 to June 2007, but it was extended until October 2010. The main targets in Arpa’s 1st Phase were the following: (1) creation of 18 million hectares of new PAs; (2) implementation of 7 million hectares of existing PAs, and 3 million ha of PAs which were created within the scope of the Program; (3) creation and capitalization of the Protected Areas Fund with a minimum amount of US$ 14 million; (4) adoption of a monitoring and environmental assessment system for the PAs with Arpa support.
The results exceeded the targets
A variety of factors caused the government to review its initial target and include a much larger number of protected areas in the Program. In total, 64 federal and state PAs were supported by Arpa and the Program protected 32 million hectares (an area equivalent to the state of Mato Grosso do Sul), including 32 strict protection areas and 32 sustainable use areas.
In other words, this means that 27% of the 239 PAs in the Brazilian Amazon were supported by Arpa by 2012, and this is equivalent to 33% of the total protected area in that region. If we take into account only those categories which have Arpa support – i.e. excluding the Environmental Protection Areas (APAs), the Fauna Reserves, the Areas of Special Ecological Interest, and the Forests –, then the entire protected area in PAs with Arpa support in the 1st Phase of the Program reached 52% of the total protected area in the Brazilian Amazon.
Instead of the initial target for the creation of 10 large PAs, Arpa actually supported the creation of 46 PAs covering over 24 million hectares; out of those, 14 were strict protection areas (13.2 million hectares or 61% more than the initial target) and 32 were sustainable use areas (10.8 million hectares or 20% over the initial target). Arpa also supported the implementation of 18 strict protection PAs, which were created before March 2000 and cover 8.5 million hectares, or 21% beyond the initial target.
Other relevant results concerning the participation of local human communities benefitting from the PAs were the following: (1) the analysis of a universe composed of 42 PAs proved that the indicator referring to the creation of the Management Board was met by 76% of the PAs having Arpa support, while the management plan criterion was reached by 59%; (2) near R$ 3 million (Brazilian Real) were invested in 14 projects for community integration, in six (6) strict protection areas.
Innovation and modernization of PAs management
New protected area management instruments and tools were developed in the scope of the Arpa Program and they may provide a model for the entire National Protected Areas System (SNUC) – for instance, the Protected Areas Assessment Tool (FAUC), the Conservation and Investment Strategy, the Computerized System for Arpa Coordination and Management (SisArpa), the financial control and management system –Cérebro (brain) System, and the Protected Areas Fund (FAP).
During Arpa’s 1st Phase there was a total investment of around US$ 115 million, out of which US$ 79 million regards direct and indirect investments made by the Brazilian government and donors, and US$ 36 million came from FAP.
Click here to download consolidated information on Arpa phase 1.
WWF-Brasil 2010, Arpa – um novo caminho para a conservação da Amazônia (Arpa – a new path for Amazon conservation).