Texto em inglês aqui
A rare sighting of a black jaguar swimming across an Amazon river; photo is a screen grab from the video
The head of the World Wildlife Fund was boating downstream on the Tapajós River in Brazil’s Juruena National Park after an epic rainstorm when he came across a sight he’ll never forget: a rare black jaguar swimming across the river.
Carter Roberts, president and chief executive of the WWF-U.S., said it was “one of the most incredible things I’ve ever witnessed.”
Guide Bret Whitney identified the black jaguar and filmed the rare encounter, explained here by Matt Sampson of The Weather Channel: https://thescene.com/watch/weather/shock-video-rare-black-jaguar-swims-amazon-river?source=player_scene_logo
According to the World Wildlife Fund, jaguars are “strong swimmers and climbers, and require large areas of tropical rain forest and stretches of riverbank to survive.”
Only 600 black jaguars are believed to exist in the world today.
Here’s the original video from the World Wildlife Fund: https://youtu.be/zVpiU2pO_1Q
Thanks to the Amazon Region Protected Area, 150 million acres of the Amazon are to be protected in perpetuity. That’s three times the size of all U.S. parks combined. In a little more than a decade, ARPA has reportedly protected a California-size portion of the Amazon across 100 different sites.
With more conservation efforts, hopefully there will be more black jaguar sightings such as this one.
* Originally published by David Strege at Grind TV.com
Cabo Orange (Orange Cape) National Park (CONP) is located near Calçoene and Oiapoque cities in northern Amapá state, 450 km from Macapá, the capital city. The park shares the northern border with French Guiana, the southern border with Cunani Quilombola (Afro-descendant) Area, the eastern border with the Atlantic Ocean and the western border with both Vila Velha Settlement Project and Uaçá and Juminã Indigenous Lands whose populations disputed their territories with Portuguese, French, English and Dutch invaders.
It was the Dutch who named the local geographic feature Orange Cape (as orange is the national colour in the Netherlands) to pay a tribute to the Dutch royalty.
The park was decreed in 1980 (decree n° 84.913) and the Chico Mendes Institute for Biodiversity Conservation (a federal agency run by the Ministry of Environment) is in charge of managing it.
It was the first protected area decreed in Amapá, a state where 55% of its territory is covered by protected areas and indigenous lands. Along with 4 other national parks (Tumucumaque Mountains, Monte Roraima, Pico da Neblina and Serra do Divisor), CNOP is part of the Brazilian Amazon border national parks.
The park covers 657,318 hectares of coastal ecosystems, 54.64% of which has been defined as primitive zone (358,760 hectares), 20.82% as intensive use zone (100,891 hectares) and 20.15% as temporary occupation zone (119,366 hectares). The rest of CNOP covers a zone superimposed on indigenous lands, a conflicting use zone, a special use zone and a historical and cultural zone.
The primitive zone is the most pristine and its flora and fauna has great scientific value. The extensive use zone is mostly formed by natural areas that might have modified by human action. Human populations are settled in the temporary occupation zone.
By integrating human communities living around the park, CONP´s objectives are:
To preserve natural ecosystems that has great ecological and scenic values;
To preserve marine and coastal areas, mangroves, forests, amazon cerrado (savanna) enclaves and associated fauna;
To maintain natural habitats that have been little impacted by human action;
To promote scientific research, environmental education and interpretation, tourism and recreation.
The achievement of these targets has reflected in the excellent conservation status of CONP, allowing the preservation and reproduction of bird, reptile and mammal species, many of which are threatened with extinction. The park preserves species such as: the scarlet ibis (Eudocimus ruber), the American flamingo (Phoenicopterus ruber), the green turtle (Chelonia mydas), the great egret (Ardea alba), the jaguar (Panthera onca), the puma (Puma concolor), the oncilla (Leopardus tigrinus), the neotropical otter (Lontra longicaudis), the giant anteater (Myrmecophaga tridactyla), the smalltooth sawfish (Pristis pectinata), the giant armadillo (Priodontes maximus), the South American manatee (Trichechus inunguis) and the West indian manatee (Trichechus manatus).
The most common types of vegetation found in CONP and influenced by Atlantic Ocean tides are mangroves, flooded forests, flooded grasslands, grassland savannas and red and yellow mangroves. In grassland plains, the awnless barnyard grass (Echinochloa colona), the buriti (Mauritia flexuosa), the caimbé (Curatella americana) and the tamamuri (Brosimum acutifolium) can be found. Other species found are the siriúba (Avicennia schaueriana), the periquiteiro (Trema micrantha), the andiroba (Carapa guianensis), the açaí (Euterpe oleracea), the maçaranduba (Manilkara salzmannii), the black manwood (Minquartia guianensis) and the quaruba (Vochysia maxima).
Brazil is a contracting party to the Convention on Wetlands of international importance especially as waterfowl habitat, called the Ramsar Convention, and has decided to submit as new Ramsar designations only wetlands that were protected areas, which allows to country to implement the commitments under the Convention. CONP was therefore submitted and was declared a Ramsar site in February 2013. 11 other Brazilian wetlands are Ramsar sites.
Social Communication Office (Ascom/MMA) – Telephone: (61) 2028 1227
* Article originally written in portuguese by Marcelo Carota, translated by Marco Bueno and published on 21st January 2015.
Avaliable in portuguese.
Arpa’s Unit Coordination
The Brazilian Biodiversity Fund (Funbio)
The third phase of the program , with a term of 25 years , will aim to consolidate 60 million hectares of protected areas in the Amazon, at the federal and state levels . Also support the development of studies to the creation of PAs . The ARPA will use the following sources:
- Resources of MMA and its related entities .
- Human and material resources invested by the State Governments for the maintenance and consolidation of PAs under its management; and
- Resources to be allocated by national and international private donations .
For both , as MMA Ordinance 187 of May 22, 2014 , the MMA, the ARPA Partners and other members of the Program Management Committee shall establish financial mechanisms and plan gradual allocation of resources to meet the needs of implementation of UCs .
Brazil and a host of governmental and private partners agreed to create a $215 million fund to expand protected areas of the Amazon rain forest by more than 34,000 square miles and to help pay for its management for the next 25 years, the partners announced Wednesday.
The accord continued a 12-year-old program that has already designated 15 percent of the rain forest — 200,000 square miles, or an area four times the size of New York State — as conservation acreage. The agreement would protect additional land in an area about the size of Indiana.
The money, provided by the World Wildlife Fund, the German government, the Inter-American Development Bank, philanthropies and others, is intended to help finance conservation efforts until Brazil’s government shoulders the entire cost by about 2040.
Brazil created the conservation effort, called the Amazon Region Protected Areas Program, in 2002; roughly half of the country is covered by rain forest.
* Published at NY Times on May 22 (2014)