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GEF reports – ARPA Phase II reports

Since january 2010, The word bank GEF publishes reports about Arpa’s second phase. The most recently ones, about implementation status and results, can be acessed below:

Brazil – Amazon Region Protected Areas Program Phase II (GEF) : P114810 – Implementation Status Results Report : Sequence 04 (English)

Brazil – Amazon Region Protected Areas Program Phase II (GEF) : P114810 – Implementation Status Results Report : Sequence 03 (English)

Brazil – Amazon Region Protected Areas Program Phase II (GEF) : P114810 – Implementation Status Results Report : Sequence 02 (English)

Brazil – Amazon Region Protected Areas Program Phase II (GEF) : P114810 – Implementation Status Results Report : Sequence 01 (English)

The remain reports are avaliable at GEF’ site.

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Contact

MINISTÉRIO DO MEIO AMBIENTE

 

Secretaria de Biodiversidade e Florestas – SBF

Departamento de Áreas Protegidas – DAP

SEPN 505, Lote 2, Bloco B, Ed. Marie Prendi Cruz, 4º andar, Entrada pela W2 Norte – Asa Norte

70730-542 – Brasília/DF

Phone number: 55 61 2028-2137

E-mail: arpa@mma.gov.br

 

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Frequently Asked Questions (FAQ)

1) What is Arpa? 
Amazon Region Protected Areas – Arpa is a Brazilian federal government program.  The Ministry of the Environment (MMA) leads and coordinates the program, which is managed by the Brazilian Biodiversity Fund (Funbio).  Arpa is funded with resources from the Global Environment Facility (GEF) – through the World Bank; the government of Germany – through the German Development Bank (KfW); WWF – through WWF-Brazil; and the Amazon Fund – through the Brazilian Development Bank (BNDES).

Arpa Program was created with the goal of expanding and strengthening the Brazilian National System of Protected Areas (Snuc) in the Amazon, protecting 60 million hectares, ensuring financial resources to manage those areas in the short/long term, and promote the sustainable development in that region.

2) In which way does Arpa Program support the protected areas? 
The protected areas which are supported by the program benefit from goods, works, and hired services, which are needed to carry out activities such as integration with the communities in the PAs surroundings, Board and Council creation, management plan, land survey, inspection/patrolling, and other actions which are necessary to the PA adequate operation.

3) Has a date been set to end Arpa Program? 
The Program was launched in the year of 2002 and it was intended to last for 15 years.  Implementation was designed in three independent, continuous phases.  Nevertheless, there is the Protected Areas Fund, a mechanism with the purpose of funding the maintenance of the protected areas which are consolidated (according to Program criteria).  Therefore, Arpa PAs will continue to have financial support throughout its existence, as long as the FAP Fund has the resources for it. 

4) How many protected areas have Arpa support? 
Presently the Program supports 95 protected areas, both federal and state ones.  Arpa also supports 17 other PAs which are being created (6 million ha). To access the complete list of PAs with Arpa support, please click here http://www.programaarpa.gov.br/images/stories/ARPA/IMAGENS/mapa%20arpa%20dal.jpg).

5) What does it take for a protected area to get Arpa support?

Arpa supports the PAs creation process and the consolidation process for those areas which already exist.

PA creation: Regarding the creation of a protected area, Arpa gives financial support for the design of environmental, social, economic and land diagnoses, besides the organization of public consultations and debates with the government and society about the new PA to be created.

Creation – who can access Arpa for support?  Requests for support to the PA creation may be placed in certain periods, defined in public calls made by the federal Ministry of the Environment.  The requests are evaluated according to Arpa Conservation and Investment Strategy (ECI).  The selection of applicants is negotiated with the PA management agencies, during a meeting of Arpa Technical Forum, and it is decided by Arpa Program Committee (CP).

Those institutions which are interested may register their application through Arpa’s Management and Coordination Integrated System (SisARPA). The PAs must be located in the Amazon biome and there can be no overlapping with conflict areas involving indigenous or traditional populations.

The proposed areas must be included in the Ministry of the Environment’s 2007 Map of the Brazilian Biodiversity Priority Areas for Conservation, Sustentainable Use and Benefit Sharing.

Consolidation of PAs – Existing PAs can receive Arpa support for its consolidation.  The program offers management methodologies for the efficiency of results.  This means that those in charge of the PAs management will be prepared to take planned actions, with well designed goals, and under permanent evaluation. Arpa drives change in the organizational culture of protected areas management.  This is achieved through the promotion of training courses and meetings for the exchange of information among the Amazon PAs managers, who also start participating in congress and seminars.

Consolidation – who can get Arpa support?  The criteria are the same ones as for PA creation, plus the PA information must be updated in the National Register of Protected Areas (CNUC). 1) What is Arpa? 

Amazon Region Protected Areas – Arpa is a Brazilian federal government program.  The Ministry of the Environment (MMA) leads and coordinates the program, which is managed by the Brazilian Biodiversity Fund (Funbio).  Arpa is funded with resources from the Global Environment Facility (GEF) – through the World Bank; the government of Germany – through the German Development Bank (KfW); WWF – through WWF-Brazil; and the Amazon Fund – through the Brazilian Development Bank (BNDES).

Arpa Program was created with the goal of expanding and strengthening the Brazilian National System of Protected Areas (Snuc) in the Amazon, protecting 60 million hectares, ensuring financial resources to manage those areas in the short/long term, and promote the sustainable development in that region.

6) Which are the organizations funding Arpa Program?
Global Environment Facility (GEF) – through the World Bank -, the government of Germany – through the German Development Bank (KfW), WWF – through WWF-Brazil, and the Amazon Fund – through the Brazilian Development Bank (BNDES).

 7) Who can make donations to the Arpa Program? 
Anyone who is interested in contributing with environmental conservation can make donations to the Program.  Presently, Arpa receives funds from international cooperation – for instance, from the Global Environment Facility (GEF), through the World Bank – and in the past it was supported by private business organizations, such as Boticario and Natura (for further details on Arpa funding, check answer 6).

8) I would like to publicize the Arpa Program within my organization.  Does Arpa provide any kind of communication material?
On Arpa website you will find several publications available.  To check whether there are printed versions of them, please get in touch with us through the website’s “Contact” link.

9) I would like to criticize, pay a compliment and/or make suggestions to Arpa Program.  To whom should I send it?
Please send it to Arpa Program Coordination Unit (UCP), through E-mail arpa@mma.gov.br or Tel. +55-61-2028-2137

10) Which organizations should I contact to report deforestation or forest fires? (Source: ICMBio’s FAQ)
If deforestation or a forest fire occurs within a federal protected area, it should be reported to the Instituto Chico Mendes (federal environmental agency in charge of biodiversity conservation and protected areas) through its ombudsman (Ouvidoria) http://www.icmbio.gov.br/portal/component/search/?searchword=servicos/atendimento-ao-cidadao/ouvidoria).

If they occur out of the area, they should be reported to Ibama (federal environmental agency in charge of licensing, inspection and patrolling), or to the state environmental agency.

11) How can I work for Arpa Program? (Source: ICMBio’s FAQ)
Any citizen may become part of the Ministry of the Environment’s staff, through public service exams and proof of titles, or through specific contracts according to summons or edictal citations. For further information, please send a message to arpa@mma.gov.br

12) How can I participate in the management of a protected area (Source: ICMBio’s FAQ)
You may participate through the PA Advisory Council or the Deliberative Council, or else through the Volunteers Program, helping the PA in biodiversity conservation, or becoming a member of the PA Fire Brigade.

To become a volunteer, click on Services on the Volunteers Program page, choose a protected area, and contact the PA executive. To access it now, click here.

Click on the name of the PA to see its respective address and telephone numbers.

To become a member of the PA Advisory Council of the Deliberative Council, you must state your interest to the PA executive.  To find the PA you are interested in, and to access the map click here.

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Protected Areas with Arpa support

Presently Arpa includes around 52 million hectares, which are distributed among 95 federal and state protected areas.  Besides those, support is also given to 17 PAs which are under creation (6 million hectares).

Whether they are strict protection or sustainable use areas, the PAs with Arpa support protect the ecosystems which are considered as key for Amazon’s integrity and its social and biological diversity.

The Program’s financial resources reach the protected areas as assets, consulting and other services which make it possible to carry out the inherent activities to PA management.

In order to facilitate the daily work of PA managers, Funbio created the ‘linked account’, which is sort of a joint (bank) account of Funbio and the PA which is supported by Arpa.  This account is used to pay for small daily expenses and it is automatically supplied with more funds whenever it is accounted for.

 

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The Amazon

The Amazon is the largest tropical forest in the world and also the most biologically diverse one.  Sixty per cent (60%) of the Amazon is located within the Brazilian territory.

The total Amazon Fores tarea extends over 6 million square kilometers.  It encompasses the entire North Brazil, South Venezuela andColombia, and North Peru and Bolivia.

The ‘Legal Amazon’ is a Brazilian administrative region created by Law # 5,173/66; it comprises the entire territories of the states of Acre, Amazonas, Roraima, Rondonia, Pará, Amapá, Mato Grosso and Tocantins, plus part of the state of Maranhão.

The Amazon features dense forests, savannas and flooded forests (igapó) permeated by rivers.  According to recent surveys, the Amazon shelters at least 40,000 plant species, 427 mammals, 1,294 birds, 378 reptiles, 427 amphibians, and around 3,000 fish species.  The Amazonian rivers contain approximately 20% of the global freshwater, and its forests provide relevant storage for greenhouse gases causing global warming.

The protected areas with Arpa support are located in the states of Acre, Amazonas, Roraima, Rondônia, Pará, Amapá, Mato Grosso and Tocantins.

 

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Component 4: Monitoring, Leading and Managing the Program

Goal: To support Arpa management through strengthening, integrating and aligning the executive, decision and consultation bodies of the Program.

Subcomponent 4.1 – Program leadership and coordination

Goal: To lead, coordinate or superve the implementation of components and support Program management, and to strengthen and integrate the executive, decision making, consultation and other bodies.

Targets:

  • To ensure an updated Conservation and Investment Strategy (ECI)
  • To ensure an updated and stable Arpa Management System (SisArpa), with good performance.
  • To ensure strong and active Arpa bodies, organizing 2 annual meetings of both the Steering Committee (CP) and and the Technical Forum (FT).

Further information:

Subcomponent 4.2 – Arpa’s financial and logistics management

Goals: To ensure efficient financial management of the resources provided by the Arpa Program.

Funbio is in charge of this subcomponent and it will support the other activities in the Project, ensuring the efficient implementation and management of the financial resources.

Further information:

Subcomponent 4.3 – Program Publicity and Communication

Goal: To promote Arpa’s internal and external communication in order to strengthen the Program’s management, the connection among partners and involved agents, and the dissemination of lessons learned.

Target: To implement the Strategic Communication Plan.

Foreseen actions:

 Design and implementation of Arpa’s Communication Strategy

Create a communication mechanism to define Arpa’s approach towards the target audience (managers, donors, academic community and so forth).

 Maintaining Arpa’s website

Create a communication mechanism to define Arpa’s approach towards the target audience (managers, donors, academic community and so forth).

Information and promotion materials design and production

It encompasses the creation and production of materials for Arpa’s institutional communication, such as an institutional folder, office materials, pen drive, and materials to be used in the meetings to be organized and supported by the Program.

Publication of the Arpa supplements (Cadernos Arpa) and the Arpa Magazine

The target is to produce one Arpa supplement per year and one Arpa Magazine every two years. PA managers and other authors who are interested in publicize their work will contribute to producing those publications.

Subcomponent 4.4 – Program Monitoring

Program monitoring will be conducted along two axial lines:  (i) management effectiveness in the protected areas; and (ii) environmental monitoring (biodiversity, social and environmental, landscape, and climate).

Monitoring the management effectiveness

Goal

To assess the protected areas management effectiveness and the progress of implementation targets driven by the resources allocated by the Program.

Monitoring the progress provided by Arpa in the PAs management effectiveness is done through two instruments:  FAUC (Protected Areas Assessment Tool), which is a quick tool and an easy form to fill in, and which allows the follow up of the progress in PAs management implementation processes regarding the Program targets; and the Tracking Tool, which is a more comprehensive assessment methodology, proposed by the World Bank and WWF’s Forest Alliance, and which is applied in all protected areas projects which are funded with resources from the Global Environmental Facility (GEF).

FAUC evaluates 33 requisites in PA management.  There are 16 indicators which are considered as indicators and are used for planning implementation targets for each PA management and for monitoring the progress obtained with the allocated resources.  Yearly, an aleatory sample of the subprojects which are funded within the scope of subcomponent 2.1 is selected for assessment in loco, in order to validate the progress reported through FAUC.

Tracking Tool was developed based on a reference model from the IUCN’s World Commission on Protected Areas (WCPA) and it provides an assessment that is compatible and comparable with all protected areas throughout the world.  This tool has already been applied to assess the management effectiveness in some 200 PAs in 37 countries in Europe, Asia, Africa and Latin America.  Tracking Tool was introduced in Arpa in 2004.

Tracking Tool is applied in the beginning, middle and end of each phase of the Program, in partnership with the World Bank and the technical cooperation.  Application of this tool is part of the contract obligations of Arpa with the World Bank, in order to evaluate the progress of international projects supported with GEF funds.

Environmental monitoring

 Goal

To Assess the effectiveness of the efforts made by the Program regarding the proposed goals of ensuring conservation of a representative sample of the Amazon biodiversity and contribute to its sustainable development.

 Criterion

The area should have completed degree I implementation and be selected for degree II implementation.

Further information: 

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Further information Subcomponent 4.4

Monitoring will be implemented in a different way in the PAs which are in a more advanced stage of implementation, with at least one biodiversity or social and environmental indicator, combining the assessment in situ with the remote follow up, and addressing one of the following proposed themes:

• Landscape: analysis of pressures and ecosystem representation of the entire set of protected areas with Arpa support.

• Biodiversity: monitoring in situ in the supported PAs, based on the Program’s prioritization criteria and landscape analysis, involving (i) strategic groups to allow for a systemic analysis: biomass and vegetation structure; medium and large mammals; fish from creeks and streams; and amphibians, and (ii) specific groups for monitored PAs, focusing on their conservation priorities (freshwater resources, threatened species, species motivating the creation of the PA etc.).

• Social and environmental issues: the use of a set of pre-defined indicators to follow up, in situ, the use of resources, social and economic aspects, cultural aspects, and the community experience in the PAs.

• Climate: organization of the information on the climatological parameters from INPE (National Space Research Institute), INMET (National Meteorology Institute), SIPAM (Amazon Protection System) and ANA (National Water Agency), for the stations located within or in the surroundings of the protected areas, and identification of the need for expanding the data coverage, in order to allow the analysis and follow up of climate change threats.

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Further information Subcomponent 4.2

Actions include information planning, application, and control & monitoring, as well as making this information available and ensuring that it is updated and adequate to the Program’s performance.  All activities related to the financial management, acquisition and contracting/hiring by the Program are included, as well as the linked accounts and improvement of instruments for management support, such as the Arpa’s ‘Cérebro system’.

This subcomponent includes the support to the financial implementation of the Program in the scope of Funbio, as well as the development and improvement of instruments to support Arpa’s financial management.

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Further information Subcomponent 4.1

Arpa’s participatory and decentralized management is a complex activity; it was shaped to harmonize the Program’s targets – in the sense that it is a governmental Program – with the various points of view, interests, roles and potentials of each partner organization.

In order to make this integration viable, the Program implemented participatory bodies which coordinate (or lead) and assist its management, reflecting the partners’ points of view in the operational and institutional levels, besides ensuring transparency in the resources management.

The responsibilities are described in the Operational Handbook for Arpa phase II.