Further information Subcomponent 1.1

Funding is available for studies on the systematic planning of conservation taking into account the need for biological representation; gap analysis; local demand for PAs for sustainable use; the presence of traditional peoples, indigenous peoples and ‘quilombolas’ (descendants from runaway African slaves); threats intensity; potentialy most affected areas by climate change; and issues regarding the payment for ecological services and biodiversity use.

Eligible expenses include contracts to hire consultancies, travels and accommodation allowances, communication and dissemination, consumables, organization and events.


Why support Arpa?

Support Arpa means to contribute to the protection of the Amazon and its natural assets, including its capacity of providing ecological services which are vital for life in Brazil and in the entire planet.

Besides contributing to build up Arpa, it is possible to make donations to the Fund which will ensure the long term maintenance of the PAs created and implemented with the Program’s support.



3rd Phase

The Program’s 3rd Phase, to be implemented from 2016 to 2018, will emphasize the implementation of the protected areas created in the previous phases and their financial sustainability.  The targets of the 3rd Phase are the following:

· Creation of 6.5 million hectares of new strict protection or sustainable use PAs.
· Implementation of 13.5 million hectares of PAs created with Arpa encouragement or support in the previous phases.  In the 3rd Phase, there will be 6.5 million hectares of new protected areas.
· Render financially sustainable 20 million hectares of PAs which were implemented by the Program, through funds from the governmental budget and complementary sources, including the Protected Areas Fund (FAP).



Scientific Advisory Panel (PCA)

Technical advisory body for themes related to biodiversity and protected areas; the members meet on the Program’s demand.  Besides UCP members, Funbio and Technical Cooperation participate in the meetings.


  • Recommend the improvement of methodologies used to identify priority areas for the creation of protected areas, within the scope of the Program.
  • Analyze and validate the Conservation and Investment Strategy selection proposals.
  • Design, analyze and validate biodiversity monitoring guidelines and criteria, including their follow up.
  • Look into future scenarios for the Program, in relation to biodiversity conservation new themes and knowledge.


Five permanent experts in biodiversity and/or protected areas, and occasional ad hoc advisors – invited according to the addressed theme and elected by vote by the Program Committee. Being an advisory body, PCA should provide reports to clearly defend its points of view, concerning the risks and benefits in the studied scenarios for the Program, regardless of the conversion of ideas.  The reports will be a contribution to CP in its decision making process.



Technical Forum (FT)

With the participation of one representative (focal point) from each organization in charge of implementation:  UCP and Funbio.  Regular meetings take place every six months and other meetings may be summoned whenever necessary.


– Follow up and monitor the progress in the PAs and other Program components, related to the targets agreed by the CP and their respective physical and financial implementation.

– Discuss and propose adjustments in the proceedings concerning the Program operation routine and its basic documents.

– Propose, to the CP, a redesign of technical methodologies used to achieve the Program goals.



Program Comitee (CP)

Arpa highest level of power. It is a deliberative (decision making) body and it is composed of the government and the civil society, with equal representation. Read further:

The Program Committee is the Arpa’s highest level of power.  It is a deliberative body composed of the government and the civil society, with equal representation.


  • Approve the Program action strategies.
  • Design the implementation procedures and guidelines.
  • Approve the Conservation and Investment Strategy parameters.
  • Approve the implementation budget upper limits (POAs).
  • Supervise Arpa implementation.
  • Render official and supervise the Program’s agreements and contracts.
  • Analyze and decide on the strategic recommendations by other Program bodies, based on the UCP’s report.
  • Assess and report on the technical and financial viability of planning proposals, and follow up and monitor the Program’s progress concerning its targets.
  • Stand up, before the Program bodies, for the guiding principles to be observed in the practices of social organizations involved in social and environmental issues in the Amazon.
  • Act jointly in the efforts for monitoring the Program implementation and fund raising.





The representatives from the states and their substitutes are nominated by the Brazilian States’ Environmental Agencies Association (Abema).

The environmental NGOs nominate their representatives and substitutes, chosen from those who are registered in the National Environmental Agencies Register (CNEA) and who are able to show evidence of their work in the Amazon region.

Funbio’s representative is nominated by Funbio’s Executive Secretary.

The private donors’ representative is nominated by the group of donors.

Representatives, and their substitutes, from the organizations which are members of the Program Committee are nominated by the Minister of the Environment, through specific administrative decree.



What is Arpa?

Arpa (Amazon Region Protected Areas Program) is a Brazilian government program led by the Ministry of the Environment (MMA) and managed by the Brazilian Biodiversity Fund (Funbio).  The Program is funded by resources from the Global Environmental Facility (GEF) – through the World Bank –, the government of Germany – through the German Development Bank (KfW), WWF network – through WWF-Brazil, and the Amazon Fund — through the Brazilian Development Bank (BNDES).

The Program was launched in 2002 and was designed to last for 13 years, and implemented in three independent and continuous phases.  It is one of the largest tropical forest conservation programs in the world and the biggest one regarding protected areas conservation in Brazil.

Arpa was created with the goal of expanding and strengthening the Brazilian National System of Protected Areas (SNUC) in the Amazon, through the protection of 60 million hectares, and ensuring financial resources for the management of those areas in the short and long run, while promoting sustainable development in that region.

The Program earned international recognition.  It combines conservation biology with best practices in planning and management.  Protected areas (PAs) with Arpa support benefit from assets, works and services which are needed for the implementation of integration activities involving the communities in the PA surroundings, Board creation, management plans, land tenure surveys, patrolling and other actions which are necessary for the PA operation.

Arpa is aligned with the Brazilian government main policies and strategies for Amazon conservation, e.g.:

– Sustainable Amazon Plan (PAS) – integration with Arpa starts with the consultation and involvement of the various sectors of regional and national society, besides crosscutting PAS’ five priority theme axial lines: sustainable production with advanced technology; new financial standard; environmental management and land ordering; social inclusion and citizenship; and development infrastructure.

– Legal Amazon[1] Deforestation Prevention and Control Action Plan (PPCDAM) – its contributions and interfaces with Arpa are in line with the goals and general guidelines of both of them, including the PPCDAM targets for land and territorial ordering in the region, through PAs creation and implementation.

– National Protected Areas Plan (PNAP) – Arpa contributes to the implementation of several PNAP guidelines, e.g. insuring the representation of various ecosystems and promoting the articulation of different segments of society to qualify biodiversity conservation actions.

– National Plan for Climate Change (PNMC) – Arpa gives relevant support to the implementation of PNMC. The creation of 13 PAs in the Amazon in 2003-2017 with Arpa support will, alone, prevent the emission of 0.43 billion tons of Carbon in the atmosphere by 2050.  Therefore, the future expansion of SNUC during Arpa’s 2nd Phase and the improvement in PA management will increase the program’s contribution to decrease deforestation rates in the Brazilian Amazon.


[1] Legal Amazon is an administrative region comprising the Brazilian Amazon.



Arpa in numbers

  • During its 1st Phase, the Program supported the creation of 46 protected areas (PAs), with a total area of 24 million hectares (ha).
  •  Presently, 95 PAs get Arpa support (52 million ha). Besides those, the Program also supports 17 PAs which are in the process of creation (6 million ha).
  • Total investment during Arpa’s 1st Phase added to U$ 125.6 million. For the 2nd Phase, the estimated investment demand is U$ 121 million.